Radical Enlightenment
Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Jonathan I Israel

The Radical Enlightenment was a revolutionary set of ideas which helped lay the foundations of the modern world on the basis of equality, democracy, secular values, and universality. This controversial and original study by the internationally renowned cultural historian Jonathan I. Israel shows how Spinoza and his thought set the intellectual current towards the intellectual and political revolutions of the later eighteenth century.

Contents

I. The 'Radical Enlightenment'
1 Introduction
2 Government and Philosophy
3 Society, Institutions, Revolution
4 Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality
5 Censorship and Culture
6 Libraries and Enlightenment
7 The Learned Journals
II. The Rise of Philosophical Radicalism
8 Spinoza
9 Van den Enden: Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism
10 Radicalism and the People: The Brothers Koerbagh
11 Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture
12 Miracles Denied
13 Spinoza's System
14 Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists
15 Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man
16 Publishing a Banned Philosophy
17 The Spread of a Forbidden Movement
III. Europe and the 'New' Intellectual Controversies 1680-1720
18 Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist'
19 The Bredenburg Disputes
20 Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles
21 The Death of the Devil
22 Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion'
23 The 'Nature of God' Controversy
IV. The Intellectual Counter-Offensive
24 New Theological Strategies
25 The Collapse of Cartesianism
26 Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment
27 Anglomania: The 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke
28 The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal
29 Germany and the Baltic: 'The 'War of the Philosophers'
V. The Clandestine Progress of the Radical Enlightenment 1680-1750
30 Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French
31 French Refugee Deists in Exile
32 The Spinozistic Novel in French
33 English Deism and Europe
34 Germany: The Radical Aufklaerung
35 The Radical Impact in Italy
36 The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts
37 From La Mettrie to Diderot
38 Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution

36

Radical Enlightenment

Radical Enlightenment
Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Jonathan I Israel

 

juli 2002, Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199254569
832 pagina's, Paperback